If you plan to study in the US you might want to know what is exactly the US education System, so here is your guide. Though it may be (too) brief to include all options, this post will give you a general idea of your options. For more specifics, please contact the college or university of your choice. See also this video that explains more about the American education system (and probably better explains things than I can):
High School (Secondary Education) in the United States
- Calculated from grade 9 to grade 12, usually students aged 14/15 years to 17/18 years.
- After graduating from grade 12, students are awarded a high school diploma.
- Students who have not received a high school diploma may take the General Education Development (GED) exam which is the certification of high school equivalency testing. This is actually a pretty good path to study in the US for the international students. There are now two alternative options, the HiSET and TASC exams. All three are state exams, and states decide on which option(s) they provide.
Post Secondary Education in the United States
Students must have a high school diploma or GED to study for the bachelor degree in American college or university. Students will get the title of bachelor after 4-year college or get an Associates degree after two years of college.
Associate degrees can be a transfer program (S1) or a 2-year program to prepare students for specific careers.
– 2 years of college at a community college or private college.
– Type of degree: Associate of Arts (AA) or Associate of Science (AS).
– Students can continue studying with a transfer to a college or university with course duration 4 years to a bachelor.
Community colleges may constitute a public or private college, a community-based institution, also known as county colleges, junior colleges, technical colleges, or city colleges.
S1 degree in the United States is very flexible where students can choose a variety of programs.
– 4-year college majoring in a particular college or university.
– As part of the admissions process, most universities require the SAT or ACT exams.
– Bachelor degree is generally divided into two stages: the first stage focuses on the foundation course, where students attend college major subjects like mathematics, English, social science and others. The second phase is focused on the lessons majors chosen by students.
– Type of bachelor degree: Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BS) and others.
– Type of master degree: Master of Arts (MA), Master of Science (MS) and others.
The biggest failure of the US education system is not with the problem of lack of intellectual education, but the problem lies in the inability of education to awaken peoples’ real-life problems.
The meaning of the word education is the process of changing attitudes and code of conduct with a person or group of people in human mature businesses through the efforts of teaching and training, process, means, acts, and education.
In short, education can be interpreted as an engineering process of thinking through planned and systematic activities to alter the behavior of a person through real experience. Ideally, human resource profiles can be realized only through a strong educational mission that focuses on the empowerment of three skills of students, i.e. learning skills, thinking skills, living skills.
Learning skills referred to in this article is the ability of people to develop themselves through continuous learning processes toward better personal qualities. Thinking skills are the skills for decision-making and problem-solving and using thinking skills will produce a figure of human resources with strong character. Living skills refers to life skills which consists of a responsible attitude, the power struggle, skilled at building and maintaining social relationships, emotional maturity, and ability to manage potential.
The bad news, learning activities that should be a place of self-actualization for students to become human learners and problem solvers are less developed and not optimally educated.
Remains the question: why say goodbye to the well-rounded German Educational System? Well, to mention just a few reasons: see the world, meet different people, enjoy a different academic setting, learn a foreign language, encounter different cultures, get to know American Literature, and so on… I welcome your comments, views, and contributions!
If you plan on staying in America, read this article.